|Administrativa v zemědělském hospodaření – jak právní předpisy ovlivňují vztahy farmářů a orgánů veřejné správy|
|Paperwork in farming – how legal regulations affect relationships between farmers and public authorities|
|Jan Šíma; Josef Vrzáň|
Zemědělské hospodaření i výkon veřejné správy jsou ovlivněny velmi širokou řadou právních předpisů.
Jejich množství a složitost představují zátěž pro obě strany a znesnadňují možnost vytvoření pozitivních vztahů
a dlouhodobé spolupráce, a to i v oblasti ochrany přírody. Možností, jak alespoň částečně zlepšit stav, může být
zajištění informací, poradenství a kapacit pro rozvoj spolupráce. Řešení některých nedostatků se neobejdou bez
budoucích legislativních změn.
Both farming and public administration are affected by a very wide range of legal regulations. Their
amount and complexity are a burden for both sides and they complicate the possibility of establishing positive relationships
and long-term cooperation, including in the area of nature protection. Options for improving the situation
at least partially include provision of information, consultation and capacities for developing cooperation. Solutions
to some of the shortcomings will require future legislative changes.
|European regulations, whether in the form of directly applicable regulations or in the form of directives transposed into national legislation, currently constitute the basic framework for the legal environment, to which additional national legislation is linked. Farming is affected by: (i) an extensive category of legal regulations defining agricultural business as such, (ii) requirements of subsidy support (which is currently crucial to farming), (iii) regulations in the area of environmental protection (given that farming takes place in a landscape, which is protected both as a whole and by components – soil, water, nature, etc.), (iv) generally applicable regulations in the area of civil coexistence, business, public contracts, taxes, etc. This combination of European and national regulations, covering a wide array of areas, comprises a not very easy-to-navigate tangle of requirements. In a complex activity such as farming, this tangle is difficult to identify and comply with. The requirements of numerous regulations are currently refl ected in subsidy support requirements (checks of conditionality), with an emphasis on records and demonstration of formal signs of compliance with the requirements, which increases the burden on individual farmers. As for the public administration, it is currently relatively consistently segmented (atomised) by individual components or agendas, and is thus unable to provide assistance or an overview across the various areas. Moreover, the system setting of numerous generally applicable regulations, such as the Public Contracts Act, make it diffi cult to establish long-term partnerships between public authorities and farmers at the local level. It is therefore necessary to improve awareness, build capacities for consultation (ideally on a long-term, partnership basis) and to provide farming entities with such consultations in suitable forms. At the same time, it must be an objective to improve the general legal environment, conditions for doing business, public contracts, etc., but that is a general task for the government and legislators, which cannot be solved at the local level.||