|Stanislav Březina; Záboj Hrázský; Tomáš Janata; Jan Štursa; Michael Hošek|
|This publication is one of the outcomes of the European project LIFE CORCONTICA (LIFE11 NAT/|
CZ/000490) which is administered by the Administration of the Krkonoše Mts. National Park (Administration of KRNAP), Daphne – Institute of Applied Ecology and Ministry of the Environment of the
Czech Republic. Here in the Introduction, we first give a brief historical overview of the management
measures performed by the staff of the Administration of KRNAP and continue with a description of the
principal activities of the project. Finally, we specify the aim of the presented publication and give an overview of its structure.
The main aim of the project is to restore species-rich Nardus grasslands and to enable their subsequent
sustainable agricultural management. A less visible but equally important outcome of the project is
the placing of all management steps into an adaptive management cycle (AMC) where the management
is supposed to change according to the results of monitoring and where all the activities are strictly
focused on the object of protection. The main aim of this publication is to introduce
the concept of the AMC to Czech readers and to share our experience with establishing the process
in the Krkonoše Mts. The publication is meant to be an inspiration for all active workers in nature
conservation and especially for those who are running conservation management of mountain meadows.
Secondly it is focused on all decision makers in the fi eld of protection of traditionally managed
In the first section of the publication, we show examples of good AMC practice mainly from abroad.
It describes the manner in which objective setting of management priorities is taken by the Welsh governmental body for nature conservation – Natural Resources Wales (HURFORD 2017), strong and weak
aspects of current management planning in the Czech Republic (HOŠEK & JANATA 2017) and the central task
of AMC – the development of measurable and therefore controllable management aims (HURFORD 2017a).
It also makes clear that the development of such management aims facilitates development of monitoring
projects with objective condition indicators of meadow habitats (HURFORD & BŘEZINA 2017). The chapter
about habitat monitoring is accompanied by a proposed scheme for the long-term sustainable monitoring
of meadow invertebrates (MARHOUL & ČÍŽEK 2017). Finally, the section closes with an introduction to internal meetings held by the non-governmental organisation (NGO) Natuurmonumenten
in the Netherlands as being an appropriate platform for sharing monitoring results with all the involved
workers (VAN ZUIJEN 2017).
The second section contains analyses of specific management measures, which are the crucial part of
each AMC, focusing on problematic measures in the running of the LIFE CORCONTICA project. MYŠÁK
(2017) gives a complex overview of all management measures, which may help in the care of meadow
invertebrates. GREGORI & ŠILC (2017) presents results of the experimental control of Rumex alpinus – an
invasive plant widely spread throughout mountain meadows in the Krkonoše Mts. – in the Slovenian
Alps. PAVLŮ et al. (2017) review information necessary for the appropriate fertilization of meadows and
JIŘIŠTĚ (2017) summarizes our practical experience with the adjustment of water regime giving an example
of one specific locality.
The final section of the publication describes the socio-economic context in which the management
cycle proceeds in the Krkonoše Mts. It analyzes the basic pillar of current agricultural management in
the Krkonoše Mts – the economy of sheep and cattle keeping with serious implications for setting agroenvi subsidies in mountain areas (PRAŽAN 2017). It also critically evaluates the current state of nature
friendly farm planning in the Krkonoše Mts as well as in the whole Czech Republic and gives an example of good practice from Great Britain (STŘELEC & MYŠÁK 2017). The last contribution summarizes the amount of legislation that has to be solved by farmers and proposes a way for reducing the administrative load
(ŠÍMA & VRZÁŇ 2017).